Important Years and Events of World History


3000: Building of the Great Pyramid.

776: First Olympiad in Greece.

753: Foundation of Rome.

490: Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.

360: The period of Aristotle and Plato.

332: Egypt conquered by Alexander.

323: Alexander dies at Babylon.

214: Work on the Great Wall of China begins.

55: Julius Ceasar attacks Great Britain.

4: Birth of Jesus Christ.


29: Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.

375: Huns invasion of Europe.

570: Prophet Mohammed born at Mecca.

622: Flight of Mohammed from Mecca to Madina.

632: Death of Mohammed; Beginning of Hijiri Era.

711: Arabs invade Spain.

1066: Norman invasion of England; Victory of William the Conquerer over the English King Harold II at Hastings.

1280: Roger Bacon invents gunpowder.

1338: The Hundred years War broke out.

1348: English faces Black Death Plague.

1453: Turks captured Constantinople; Renaissance in Europe.

1492: Discovery of America by Columbus.

1498: Sea-route to India discovered by Vasco-de-Gama.

1588: Spanish Armada defeated.

1600: British East India Company established in India.

1649: Execution of Charles I.

1660: Monarchy restored in England.

1665: The Great Plague of England.

1668: Glorious Revolution in England.

1704: Battle of Blenheim.

1707: Union of England and Scotland.

1776: Declaration of American Independence.

1789: French Revolution; George Washington elected the first President of America.

1805: Battle of Trafalagar and Nelson’s death.

1815: Battle of Waterloo; Napolean exiled to St. Helena.

1821: Death of Napolean.

1832: Reforms Bill passed in England.

1837: Queen Victoria’s accession to the throne of England.

1861: Beginning of the American Civil War.

1863: Slavery abolished in USA

1865: Assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

1869: Opening of the Suez Canal for traffic.

1895: Roentgen discovered X-Rays.

1896: Marconi invented wireless.

1904: Russiao-Japan war.

1905: Japan defeated Russia; Discovery of the theory of Relativity by Einstein.

1911: Chinese Revolution.

1912: Republic of China established.

1914: Beginning of World War I.

1917: Russian Revolution.

1918: End of World War I.

1919: Treaty of Versailles signed.

1920: Formation of the League of Nations.

1923: Turkey declared Republic.

1933: Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany.

1936: Beginning of the Spanish Civil War.

1939: World War II begins.

1941: Russia invaded by Hitler; Pearl Harbour invaded by Japan.

1945: Establishment of UNO; End of World War II; Hiroshima and Nagasaki experience the first dropping of the Atom Bomb; Death of President Roosevelt.

1946: Civil War in China.

1948: Burma and Ceylon get independence.

1949: Indonesia gets independence; The Communists capture power in China.

1952: General Eisenhower elected as the American President.

1953: Death of Stalin; Mt. Everest conquered for the first time.

1954: Military Aid Pact between China and Pakistan; Chou En-lai visits India.

1955: Austria gets independence; Bandung Conference.

1956: Suez Canal nationalised by President Nasser; Egypt attacked by the forces of Britain; France and Israel.

1957: First artificial satellite launched by Russia.

1958: Egypt and Syria united and renamed United Arab Republic (UAR)

1959: Chinese capture Tibet; Dalai Lama flees to India; Sputnik launched by Russia.

1960: Explosion of an atom bomb device by France; Election of John F. Kennedy as President of USA

1961: Yuri Gagarin of USSR becomes the first spaceman.

1963: Partial Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty signed; Malaysia established; John F. Kennedy assassinated.

1965: Death of Sir Winston Churchill; Singapore becomes the sovereign independent nation; outbreak of Indo-Pak war.

1966: Tashkent Pact; A Russian aircraft lands on moon.

1967: Chinese explode hydrogen bomb; Arab-Israel War; Suez Canal closed.

1971: Outbreak of Indo-Pak war; Birth of Bangladesh; Surrender of 93,000 Pakistani troops; Khruschev died; Z.A. Bhutto new President of Pakistan.

1972: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman freed from Pakistani Jail and assumed the office of P.M. Bangladesh; Nixon of USA visited China; King Mahendra of Nepal died; USA and the USSR sign Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty.

1973: Outbreak of fourth Arab-Israeli war; Fourth non-aligned summit in Algiers.

1975: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, President of Bangladesh assassinated; King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, assassinated; Suez Canal reopened; Red Cross force Cambodia Government to Surrender.

1976: Chou-En Lai, P.M. of China, died; Seychelles gets independence; Viking I lands on Mars; Mao Tse-tung died; Jimmy Carter elected President of USA

1978: Agreement between Israel and Egypt; Vietnam attacked Cambodia; Z.A. Bhutto, former P.M. of Pakistan, sentenced to death; Bloody coup in Afghanistan; Mohammed Daoud assassinated; World’s first test-tube baby born.

1979: Chinese aggression in Vietnam; Cambodian rebels grab power in Pnom Penh; Mr. Z.A. Bhutto hanged; Mrs. Margaret Thatcher is the first woman P.M. of Britain.

1980: War starts between Iran and Iraq; Ronald Reagon elected USA President.

1982: Falklands, captured by Argentina; Israel attacks South Lebanon; Argentina forces surrender to British; P.L.O. Chief Yesser Arafat leaves Beirut; Bashir Gemyel, the President elect of Lebanon, assassinated; Soviet President breathes his last.

1983: US attacks Grenada; USA withdraws from UNESCO.

1985: India gets Presidentship of UN Security Council; Soviet President, Mr. Konstantin Chernenko, dies; Vietnam withdraws troops from Kampuchia.

1986: American air attack on Libya.

1987: Nuclear tests by USSR; Fresh proposal by Gorbachev; Group 77 meet at Havana; Unsuccessful military coup in Philippines, Prime Minister of Lebanon killed.

1988: WHO observes 7th of April as no smoking day, French President re-elected, Gen. Zia-ul-Haq killed in plane crash, Quake kills about 1,000 people in Bihar (India), George Bush elected President of USA, Arafat declares on independent state of Palestine, Nearly 1,00,000 people killed in earthquake in Armenia.

1989: The UN Peace keeping force starts implementation of UN Resolution 435 for the independence of Namibia.

1990: The Panamanian President surrenders to the United States. South Africa lifts lean on African National Congress. Lithuania declares independence from the Soviet Union. Namibia becomes a free nation.
Iraq overruns Kuwait. East and West Germanys unite.

1991: War breaks out in the Gulf, With the defeat of Iraq and freedom of Kuwait, Gulf war ends.

1993: Five new members of security council START II treaty between Russian and US Presidents, Security Council resolution on Angola, Emergency in Zambia, Elections in Australia.

1994: South Africa emerged from aparted regime with Nelson Mandela as its president. GATT treaty signed to create World Trade Organisation (WTO).

1995: WTO comes into existence. Nuclear test by France. Balkan peace accord signed.

1996: Kofi Annan new UN Secretary General. Clinton re-elected US President. India refuses to sign CTBT. Shekh Hasina Wajed new PM of Bangladesh. Taliban capture Kabul and execute former communist
President Najibullah.

1997: Tony Blair back in power in UK. Mohd. Khatami elected president of Iran. Hong Kong goes back to China after 99 year British rule.

1998: Indonesian President Suharto resigns. Pakistan test fires `Gauri’ missile. US President Clinton faces impeachment.

1999: G-15 Summit ends. Yugoslavia accepts a peace plan for Kosovo.

2000: Thai commandor rescue 700 hostages from a capital Ratchabuh. India-China sign agreement on Information Technology, World Aids Day observed.

2001: Goerge W. Bush, was sworn in as the 43rd President of the United States. Heritage destroy of Bamiyan Buddha in Afghanistan by Taliban. Massacred of Nepal Royal family. Terrorist attacks on America by Taliban Supremo Osama bin Laden.

2002: `Euro’ becomes the official currency of 12 European countries. A new nation East Timor came into existence. Switzerland and East Timor becomes the 190th and 191th member of the UN.

2003: Germany, Spain, Pakistan, Chile and Angola take rotating two-year seats on the UN Security Council; Iraq and the UN sign a 10-point agreement to facilitate the work of disarmament monitors; India-born American astronaut Kalpana Chawla and six other crew of the STS-107 space shuttle mission were killed as the US space shuttle Columbia disintegrates over Texas; name of Yugoslavia has been changed, it became Serbia and Montenegro; Australia win ICC World Cup by defeating India, war between US and Iraq; International criminal court was launched. WTO ministerial conference held in Cancun. India and ASEAN signed three accord. Over 20,000 people are killed as a major earthquake
destroys the Iranian Fort city Bam.

2004: India-Pakistan air links resume, the 12th SAARC Summit concludes in Islamabad after the signing of historic Agreement on Free Trade, Additional Protocol on Terrorism and Social Charter. NASA announced that it would name the spot where the robot probe Spirit landed successfully, in the memory of seven astronauts of the space shuttle Columbia. The US declares Mr. Saddam Hussein a prisoner of war. Pakistan has been readjusted to the common wealth. United States hand over political authority to Iraq. The 28th Olympics start in Athens. Russian Parliament ratifics the Kyoto Protocol, Yasser Arafat dies in Paris. Taslima Nasreen awarded UNESCO tolerance and non-violence Prize.

2005: India and Pakistan agree to allow travel by bus across the Line of Control between Srinagar and Muzaffarabad, Microsoft founder, The U.S. Senate approves Michael d. Griffin as NASA chief, Kuwaiti Parliament grants women the right to vote and run in elections, Latvia ratifies E.U. Constitution, The sixth book by J. K. Rowling, Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince, hits the stands worldwide, Junichiro Koizumi is reelected Japanese Premier by the new House of Representatives at a special session in Tokyo, The Dhaka Declaration decides to set up a SAARC poverty Alleviation Fund and to declare 2006-2015 the SAARC Decade of Poverty Alleviation, The Kyoto protocol on limiting pollution becomes fully operational, Evo Morales wins Bolivian presidential polls, The Galileo navigational telescope is launched from Kazakhstan.

2006: SAFTA comes into effect. Sirleaf sworn in as Liberian president. Chile elected socialist Michelle Bachelet to be its first woman president. 18th CWG held in Melbourne (Australia). UNO passed a resolution for new Human Rights Council. UN General Assembly has approved Ban-Ki-Moon as the new Secretary General. North Korea conducted an underground Nuclear test. 15th Asian Games were held in Doha (Qatar) in December 2006.

2007: Bangladesh declares a state of emergency. Nepal’s Parliament unanimously approves the interim Constitution. 14th SAARC Summit held in New Delhi (India). Australia won the World Cup Cricket tournament, 2007. G-8 Summit held in Heilligendamm, Berlin (Germany). Viktor Zubkov has been appointed as a new Prime Minister of Russia. Yasuo Fukuda was sworn in as the Prime Minister of Japan. India won the Twenty-20 World Cup Cricket Championship over Pakistan in South Africa. Nobel
Prize 2007 has ben announced.

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